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Lesson 32

Arabic Course Home Glossary of Arabic Grammar Terms

32 Lessons and Exercises




Note: Do not concern yourself with the vocabulary of

this lesson. Please focus on writing, connecting the letters and pronounciation.


1) Arabic is written from right to left.  There are 29 characters in Arabic, starting with 'alif, ending with Yaa .  ( ..... ), 26 consonants ( ) and 3 vowels ( ).


2) The first letter is 'Alif ().The Álif in the beginning of the word is a Hamzah () We will discuss all rules of the Hamzah in Lesson # 10.


Hamzah is pronounced as A in ARM, or I in INDIA or AU as in AUSTRALIA

           depends on its Auxiliary Signs


Alif is pronounced like an a in cat.

Alif is also pronounced as an a in car when it is proceeded with one of the following

letters: , , , , ,

, , , , ,                  

3) Some letters, dots and their position determine their sounds.



4)      There are three "Weak letters" (Harf Ájwaf) Pl. (Hurouf Jawfaa) or (Harf Illah) Pl. ( Hurouf Illah  in Arabic :



5) The non-weak letters are called "Sound Letters"( Harf  Sahih) Pl. ( Hurouf Sahiha). All letters other than the Weak Letters are Sound Letters .


6)      There are "Sun" Letters and there are "Moon Letters".

 The "Sun Letters"are:


When the Definite Article () is added to a word which starts with a Sun Letter,

the letter () will be pronounced the same as the "Sun Letter" - assimilated.


By adding the Definite Article :  An -Nour.


The rest of the letters are "Moon Letters".


7) "Seperate" and "Inseparable Letters"                               

The Six "Separates are:                

These Letters are connected with the previous "Inseprabable Letter" or

stand alone. They cannot be connected to the following letters.



8) Inseparable Letters come in four positions, initial, medial ,final and

isolated. ( Review The Table at the end of this lesson).


Example: The letter : isolated  
The first letter   in its initial form
The second letter in its medial form
The Third letter   in its final form





All Arabic letters can be connected from both side except for the following letters :


These letters can be connected from the right side & never be connected from the left


To make this simple and easy, the following chart will show you how.


  Isolated Final Medial Initial  

Go to Exercise

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Exercise 1

Exercise 2

Exercise 3

Exercise 4

Exercise 5

Exercise 6

Exercise 7

Exercise 8

Exercise 9

Exercise 10

Exercise 11

Exercise 12

Exercise 13

Exercise 14

Exercise 15

Exercise 16

Exercise 17

Exercise 18

Exercise 19

Exercise 20

Exercise 21

Exercise 22

Exercise 23

Exercise 24

Exercise 25

Exercise 26

Exercise 27

Exercise 28

Exercise 29

Exercise 30

Exercise 31

Exercise 32